The following article is about kashmir sheep.
Sheep Farming Increasing in Kashmir:
Though many jobless youth have established sheep farms, there is still a vast gap between supply and demand for the mutton in Kashmir.
Kashmir consumes 51,000 tones of mutton every year. Out of this, annual consumption 21,000 tones is imported from outside the state.
The demand for quality mutton is increasing in Kashmir due to acute awareness of the need for organic quality production. The agro- climatic conditions of the valley are highly suitable for sheep farming and good quality meat production and processing; however, the majority of imported mutton comes from Rajasthan which has some of the most arid deserts in the country that are not suitable for quality meat production. Therefore, local sheep farming would highly benefit the Kashmir community by reducing costs on imports and increasing the quality of meat consumed.
Kashmir Sheep – Market Size:
Local market- Rs 1.206 crore.
National Market – Rs 27,225 crore.
International market- Rs 8,967,960.3 crore.
Kashmir Sheep – Breed:
More than 75 percent of sheep populations are cross breeds and are generally called Kashmir Merino that provides dual purpose for meat and wool.
Earlier the department of sheep husbandry used to get only 9 kilo meet and 500 gram of wool from a single Kashmiri sheep; however after doing the cross-breeding it increased to 18 kilo of meet and 2.05 kg of wool.
Notably, In order to produce the best quality of sheep, local Kashmir valley ewes were crossed with Australian Merino Rams that resulted in the F1 generation Ewes which were bred to Delain Rams of USA resulting in F2, which were bred among themselves after proper selection on the basis of wool quality & body weight. The matting among F2 generation continued till a breed with steady & uniform characters evolved which was named as “Kashmir Merino”.
So far there are 13.55 lakhs of Kashmiri Merino that are being reared by different Chopans across the valley.
Kashmir Sheep – Schemes Available:
The department has various schemes for sheep farming including schemes for Mini Sheep Farms, Integrated Development of Small Ruminants and Rabbit Scheme, National Mission for Protein Supplementation Scheme, Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana Scheme, and Backyard Sheep Farming Scheme.
Kashmir Sheep – Logistic Support:
The department also provides the logistic support like optimal breeding cover, Veterinary Health Care and Technical Guidance at doorstep, market intervention of sheep and sheep products.
Kashmir Sheep – Training Program:
Apart from that the department is also providing a free training of entrepreneurs as how to rare and breed animals.
Kashmir Sheep – Initial investment Requirement:
To start with the entrepreneurs should have a proper shed and at least one square meter per adult sheep including feeding space.
Kashmir Sheep – Financial Assistance available:
The bank has different schemes with different interest rate that varies upon the amount of loan.
1 Minisheep farm is a state sector bankable scheme approved by J&K bank with a total project cost of 2.378 Lakh for a 50 ewe unit. Out of it 0.378 Lakh is the margin money paid by the beneficiary and the bank pays 2 Lakh as loan component. The department pays 0.60 Lakh as the backend subsidy to the bank.
Kashmir Sheep – Interest rate info:
The interest rate of Rs 1 crore is 8.25% for the maximum of ten years.
Apart from that under the “Social Security Scheme” of Central Wool Board which shall cover natural as well as accidental death and also total or partial disability at Rs 330 per annum. The breeder shall pay Rs 80 and the rest shall be contributed by Government of India and LIC.
Kashmir Sheep – Repayment Period:
The Term loan facility of 2 Lakh shall be repaid in 10 equal half yearly installment of 20000 each starting after 18 months from 1st disbursement.
Jammu and Kashmir Entrepreneurship Development Institute (JKEDI) is a premier organization of the state government fostering entrepreneurship at the grassroots level in the state.
One can approach JKEDI for training and financial support.
Avail Seed Capital Fund Scheme, which forms a major component of government’s flagship Sher-e-Kashmir Employment and Welfare Programme for Youth (SKEWPY) in the state.
Under the scheme, 35 percent of the total project cost is provided by JKEDI and the rest is financed by J&K Bank at concessional rates of interest.
A new scheme has been recently introduced called Youth Start Up Scheme (YSLS), which gives soft loans at six percent simple interest.
The young entrepreneur approached Entrepreneur Development Institute (EDI) and got a loan of Rs 9 lakh sanctioned under Seed Capital Fund Scheme.
“One should invest in sheep farming and it has lot of scope in Valley”.